Hoi An Ancient Town is located in the lower Thu Bon River, in the coastal plain of Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, about 30 km south of Da Nang. Thanks to favorable geographic and climatic factors, Hoi An was a busy international trading port, where the merchants of Japan, China and the West met during the 17th and 18th centuries. Before this period, there were also footprints of the trading port of Champa or referred to the Silk Road on the sea. In the 19th century, due to the lack of waterway transportation, the port of Hoi An was gradually degraded,give way for Da Nang, which was being controlled by the French. Hoi An was fortunate not to be devastated during the two wars and to avoid the massive urbanization of the late 20th century. Starting in the 1980s, the architectural and cultural values of Hoi An Ancient Town were gradually academics and visitors alike, making this place one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Vietnam.
Hoi An ancient town today is a typical example of traditional trading port in Southeast Asia preserved intact. Most of the houses here are traditional structures dating from the 17th to the 19th centuries, along the narrow streets. Situated between these houses, the religious architecture, beliefs demonstrate the process of formation, development and even decay of the city. Hoi An is also a place mark of mixed culture. The halls, shrines bearing traces of the Chinese are located next to the traditional houses of Vietnamese and French-style houses. Besides the cultural values through the architecture, Hoi An also preserves a rich and diverse intangible culture. The daily life of the old people with their customs, beliefs, folk arts and cultural festivals are still preserved and developed. Hoi An is considered a living museum of architecture and urban lifestyle.